The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) is the main Federal law that protects health information. The HIPAA Privacy and Security Rules protect the privacy and security of individually identifiable health information. HIPAA Rules have detailed requirements regarding both privacy and security.
- The HIPAA Privacy Rule covers protected health information (PHI) in any medium, while the
- The HIPAA Security Rule covers electronic protected health information (ePHI).
For information about HIPAA, please view guidance on this topic from the Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC).« Glossary Index